At the end of the fourteenth century the veins of silver were dwindling, and by 1460 only approximately 6,000 people still lived within Freiburg's city walls.
A university city, Freiburg evolved from its focus on mining to become a cultural centre for the arts and sciences. The end of the Middle Ages and the dawn of the Renaissance was a time of both advances and tragedy for Freiburg.
Frei means "free", and Burg, like the modern English word "borough", was used in those days for an incorporated city or town, usually one with some degree of autonomy.
In the south-west of the country, it straddles the Dreisam river, at the foot of the Schlossberg.This alliance facilitated commerce among the cities and lasted until the end of the sixteenth century.There were 8,000-9,000 people living in Freiburg between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and 30 churches and monasteries.According to meteorological statistics, the city is the sunniest and warmest in Germany and held the all-time German temperature record of 40.2 °C (104.4 °F) from 2003 to 2015.hence its name, which translates to "free (or independent) town".
Single party freiburg
The bishop responded by marching with his army to Freiburg.According to an old Freiburg legend, a butcher named Hauri stabbed the Bishop of Strasbourg to death on 29 July 1299.Historically, the city has acted as the hub of the Breisgau region on the western edge of the Black Forest in the Upper Rhine Plain. A famous old German university town, and archiepiscopal seat, Freiburg was incorporated in the early twelfth century and developed into a major commercial, intellectual, and ecclesiastical center of the upper Rhine region.In 1520, the city ratified a set of legal reforms, widely considered the most progressive of the time.