Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Caption: Sign post in Odense, Denmark, showing landmarks and other locations relevant for tourists. It refers to Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale "The Ugly Duckling".When compared to the opioids hydromorphone, fentanyl, oxycodone, and pethidine (meperidine), former addicts showed a strong preference for heroin and morphine, suggesting that heroin and morphine are particularly susceptible to abuse and addiction.Morphine and heroin were also much more likely to produce euphoria and other positive subjective effects when compared to these other opioids.
After a history of long-term use, withdrawal symptoms can begin within hours of last use.If this file has problems with attribution, copyright, or is otherwise ineligible for Commons, then remove this tag and DO NOT transfer it; repeat violators may be blocked from editing. Bekanntschaft münchen This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it.While other opioids of recreational use produce only morphine, heroin also leaves 6-MAM, also a psycho-active metabolite.However, this perception is not supported by the results of clinical studies comparing the physiological and subjective effects of injected heroin and morphine in individuals formerly addicted to opioids; these subjects showed no preference for one drug over the other.
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In 2004 the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence produced guidance on the management of caesarian section, which recommended the use of intrathecal or epidural diamorphine for post-operative pain relief.Diamorphine continues to be widely used in palliative care in the UK, where it is commonly given by the subcutaneous route, often via a syringe driver, if patients cannot easily swallow morphine solution.The original trade name of heroin is typically used in non-medical settings. It is used as a recreational drug for the euphoria it induces.Equipotent injected doses had comparable action courses, with no difference in subjects' self-rated feelings of euphoria, ambition, nervousness, relaxation, drowsiness, or sleepiness.