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Meanwhile, a variety of internal substances also affect plants growth. doi: 10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1150303.x Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Romeis, T., Ludwig, A.

These external and internal signals compose a complex regulatory network that allows plants to develop in balance.

The carboxyl terminal domains of CRKs (CDPK-related kinases) have sequence similarity to the regulatory domains of CPKs but do not bind calcium. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erg282 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Ray, S., Agarwal, P., Arora, R., Kapoor, S., and Tyagi, A. A total of 49 Br CPKs, 14 Br CRKs, 3 Br PPCKs, 5 Br PEPRKs, and 56 Br Sn RKs were identified in B. All Br CDPK-Sn RK proteins had highly conserved kinase domains. doi: 10.1105/tpc.002899 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Schmid, M., Davison, T. senior dating Vejle By statistical analysis of the number of CDPK-Sn RK genes in each species, we found that the expansion of the CDPK-Sn RK gene family started from angiosperms. Transgenic rice constitutively overexpressing Os CPK7 or Os CPK13 showed enhanced tolerance to cold, salt, and drought stress (Saijo et al., 2000; Komatsu et al., 2007). Calcineurin-B-like protein CBL9 interacts with target kinase CIPK3 in the regulation of ABA response in seed germination. In tobacco, CPK-silenced plants displayed a reduced and delayed hypersensitive response to the fungal Avr9 elicitor (Romeis et al., 2001).

Dating 50 Gribskov

Among the CPKs and Sn RKs, CPKIII and Sn RK1 genes were more preferentially retained than other groups. Resistance gene-dependent activation of a calcium-dependent protein kinase in the plant defense response. doi: 10.1105/tpc.12.5.803 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Saijo, Y., Hata, S., Kyozuka, J., Shimamoto, K., and Izui, K. Over-expression of a single Ca -dependent protein kinase confers both cold and salt/drought tolerance on rice plants. CRK was closest to CPK, which may share a common evolutionary origin. doi: 10.1093/emboj/ Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Romeis, T., Piedras, P., and Jones, J. In plants, transient changes in calcium content in the cytosol (calcium signatures) have been observed during growth, development and stress conditions (Evans et al., 2001; Harper, 2001; Knight and Knight, 2001; Sanders et al., 2002). doi: 10.1016/20 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Ritchie, S. dating 50 Gribskov-84dating 50 Gribskov-5dating 50 Gribskov-39 Intracellular Ca signals are produced in plant cells by a variety of stimuli, such as changes in environmental conditions, interaction with microbes, and developmental programs (Bush, 1995; Ehrhardt et al., 1996; Hammond-Kosack and Jones, 1996; Knight et al., 1996; Taylor and Hepler, 1997; Pei et al., 2000; Assmann and Wang, 2001; Murata et al., 2001; Mc Ainsh et al., 2002; Plieth and Trewavas, 2002; Ritchie et al., 2002). In addition, we identified 196 CPK genes and 252 Sn RK genes in 6 species, and their different expansion and evolution types were discovered. Calcium-dependent protein kinases play an essential role in a plant defence response.

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